The Experiential Reality of Mixed Heritage British Footballers

Posted in Excerpts/Quotes on 2011-12-31 22:51Z by Steven

Although I am representing the reality of black mixed heritage being closely linked, if not almost the same, to the “full black” experience of British footballers, this does not mean that a black mixed heritage player cannot or should not celebrate his multiracial identity. Of course individuals should define themselves how they want to, and many may prefer to lean toward the whiteness of their heritage and even detest the blackness. This is to be comprehended as personal preference over societal, yet while noting that there are also various social pressures that would influence one’s predilections-both consciously and unconsciously. The contention here is that regardless of one’s personal point of view, British society will deem a black mixed heritage person most often as “nonwhite” and therefore the person is automatically subjected to the various caprice forms of racism found in the broader society (Small 1992, Christian 2000).

Mark Christian, “Mixing Up the Game: Social and Historical Contours of Black Mixed Heritage Players in British Football,” in Race, Ethnicity and Football: Persisting Debates and Emergent Issues, ed. Daniel Burdsey, (London: Routledge, 2011): 139-140.


Baseline Study on Diversity Segments: Multirace Americans

Posted in Communications/Media Studies, Media Archive, Reports, United States on 2011-12-31 22:39Z by Steven

Baseline Study on Diversity Segments: Multirace Americans

Institute for Public Relations
Gainesville, Florida
January 2008
15 pages

Bey-Ling Sha, Ph.D., APR, Professor of Journalism and Media Studies
San Diego State University

Sponsored in part by ConAgra Foods, Inc.

Public relations practitioners and scholars need to consider multirace Americans as an increasingly important public, with identities, motivations, and concerns unique unto themselves. This project benchmarks extant scholarship and government data regarding multirace Americans, and it articulates the implications of the research findings for public relations practice in the areas of long-term, strategic planning; new market opportunities; and respect and sensitivity.

Read the entire report here.

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Racial Politics in Contemporary Brazil

Posted in Anthologies, Books, Brazil, Caribbean/Latin America, History, Identity Development/Psychology, Media Archive, Politics/Public Policy, Slavery, Social Science on 2011-12-31 22:27Z by Steven

Racial Politics in Contemporary Brazil

Duke University Press
232 pages
9 tables
Paperback ISBN: 978-0-8223-2272-6
Cloth ISBN: 978-0-8223-2252-8

Edited by

Michael Hanchard, Professor of Political Science and African American Studies
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

Bringing together U.S. and Brazilian scholars, as well as Afro-Brazilian political activists, Racial Politics in Contemporary Brazil represents a significant advance in understanding the complexities of racial difference in contemporary Brazilian society. While previous scholarship on this subject has been largely confined to quantitative and statistical research, editor Michael Hanchard presents a qualitative perspective from a variety of disciplines, including history, sociology, political science, and cultural theory.

The contributors to Racial Politics in Contemporary Brazil examine such topics as the legacy of slavery and its abolition, the historical impact of social movements, race-related violence, and the role of Afro-Brazilian activists in negotiating the cultural politics surrounding the issue of Brazilian national identity. These essays also provide comparisons of racial discrimination in the United States and Brazil, as well as an analysis of residential segregation in urban centers and its affect on the mobilization of blacks and browns. With a focus on racialized constructions of class and gender and sexuality, Racial Politics in Contemporary Brazil reorients the direction of Brazilian studies, providing new insights into Brazilian culture, politics, and race relations.

This volume will be of importance to a wide cross section of scholars engaged with Brazil in particular, and Latin American studies in general. It will also appeal to those invested in the larger issues of political and social movements centered on the issue of race.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction / Michael Hanchard
  • Free African Brazilians and the State in Slavery Times / Richard Graham
  • Black Cinderella? Race and the Public Sphere in Brazil / Michael Hanchard
  • Ethnic Boundaries and Political Mobilization among African Brazilians: Comparisons with the U.S. Case / Edward E. Telles
  • Racial Democracy and Racial Identity: Comparing the United States and Brazil / Howard Winant
  • Miguel Reale and the Impact of Conservative Modernization on Brazilian Race Relations / Michael Mitchell
  • Women and Racial Inequality at Work in Brazil / Peggy A. Lovell
  • Notes on Racial and Political Inequality in Brazil / Carlos Hasenbalg and Nelson do Valle Silva
  • The Black Movement and Political Parties: A Challenging Alliance / Benedita da Silva
  • My Conscience, My Struggle / Thereza Santos
  • Blacks and Political Power / Ivanir dos Santos
  • Contributors
  • Index
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Race Mixture and Physical Disharmonies

Posted in Articles, Health/Medicine/Genetics, Media Archive on 2011-12-31 21:33Z by Steven

Race Mixture and Physical Disharmonies

Science Magazine
Volume 71, Number 1850 (1930-06-13)
pages 603-606
DOI: 10.1126/science.71.1850.603

W. E. Castle (1867-1962)
Bussey Institution, Harvard

Professor H. S. Jennings in his recent book on “The Biological Basis of Human Nature” devotes a chapter to the subject of race mixture and its consequences. Considering first the purely physical results, he mentions both advantages and disadvantages resulting from wide racial crosses. As an advantage he reckons hybrid vigor and the covering up in the immediate offspring of any recessive defects which may be present in cither parent race. As a disadvantage he mentions possible disharmony in details of structure. It is to this latter point that I wish to give brief consideration, as it is a matter of considerable biological importance apart from its human interest Jennings says, on page 280:

Working probably to the disadvantage of some race mixtures in man is the fact that certain human races differ in such ways that union of their characteristics may yield combinations that are in details inharmonious. In the mixture of races found in the United States, as Davenport has pointed out, some of the stocks differ greatly in physique from others. Some are smaller, having organs that go with a small body—small heart, small kidneys, small jaws, small teeth; such on the whole are the racesj that come from the Mediterranean region of Europe. Others have large bodies, with large kidneys, heart, jaws, teeth, and other organs.

Judging from what occurs in other organisms, when such diverse races are crossed, the offspring, receiving genes from both sides, may well develop combinations of parts that lack complete harmony. If a large body is combined with small kidneys, the latter may be insufficient for the needs of the individual. Or a large body might be combined with a small heart that would not keep the blood properly circulated. Large teeth, resulting from the genes of one parent, may be crowded in a small jaw that results from the genes of the other parent. In consequence the teeth decay. Partly to it, Davenport (by whom the examples) given above are suggested) ascribes the prevalence ut defective teeth in the United States. According to him, crowded and defective teeth are less common in nations with races less mixed.

It is difficult to measure with certainty lack of harmony between body size and size of kidney or heart, so that direct proof that the possible inharmonious combinations mentioned above actually occur in man as a result of mixture of races is not available. But the occurrence of inharmonious combinations of certain bodily parts as a result of race crossing has been observed both in man and in other organisms. A striking case of this kind in the dog—comic rather than tragic in its consequences—is described by Lang. A great St. Bernard dog was crossed with a dachshund. Some of the progeny had the large heavy body of the St. Bernard, resting on the short crooked legs of the dachshund. The result (figure 49) was neither beautiful nor efficient.

Tho occurrence of inharmonious combinational, in human race crosses, has been shown with respect to parts of the body that are measurable, in the recent study…

Read or purchase the article here.

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The celebration of “both worlds” in terms of black mixed heritage persons has always been problematic in relation to it being a rather superficial exercise…

Posted in Excerpts/Quotes on 2011-12-31 20:51Z by Steven

Consequently, the celebration of “both worlds” in terms of black mixed heritage persons has always been problematic in relation to it being a rather superficial exercise, limited to one’s inner circle of family and friends. It is pretty obvious that most persons of black mixed heritage will hold a deep love for a parent that happens to be white, yet to suggest that having a white parent alone can mean having a stake in whiteness does not hold true with the historical and contemporary experiences of racism. So why is this “best of both worlds” promoted? Maybe because it is a way to bring racialised groups together? Yet often it can actually further divide. For example, it is common knowledge among transracial adoption agencies that children of black mixed heritage are over-populated in the foster care system (McVeigh 2008). Does this not give an indication that black mixed heritage persons are not particularly popular when born? Maybe, or it could be that the experience of some white parents of black mixed heritage children is so difficult that they have no choice but to give them up for adoption. This again leads us to the notion that racialised harmony is a myth when it comes to analysing the growth of black mixed heritage persons as being synonymous with racial progress in society. Somewhere in this espoused perspective lurks an insidious anomaly, especially when we consider the socio-economic plight of black communities throughout the UK as still largely suffering higher levels of unemployment and discrimination compared to their white counterparts.

Mark Christian, “Mixing Up the Game: Social and Historical Contours of Black Mixed Heritage Players in British Football,” in Race, Ethnicity and Football: Persisting Debates and Emergent Issues, ed. Daniel Burdsey, (London: Routledge, 2011): 140.


Race, Ethnicity and Football: Persisting Debates and Emergent Issues

Posted in Anthologies, Books, Media Archive, Social Science, United Kingdom on 2011-12-31 20:40Z by Steven

Race, Ethnicity and Football: Persisting Debates and Emergent Issues

288 pages
Hardback ISBN: 978-0-415-88205-7

Edited by:

Daniel Burdsey, Senior Lecturer of Sociology
Chelsea School of Sport
University of Brighton

As the first edited collection dedicated specifically to race, ethnicity and British football, this book brings together a range of academics, comprising both established commentators and up-and-coming voices. Combining theoretical and empirical contributions, the volume will addresses a wide variety of topics such as the experiences of Muslims, the recruitment of African players, devolution and national identities, case studies of minority ethnic clubs, “mixed-race” players, multiculturalism and anti-racism, sectarianism, education, and foreign club ownership. Covering the both amateur and professional spheres, and focusing on both players and supporters, the book elucidates the linkages between race, ethnicity, gender and masculinity.


  • Introduction
    • 1. They Think It’s All Over…It Isn’t Yet! The Persistence of Structural Racism and Racialised Exclusion in Twenty-First Century Football Daniel Burdsey
  • Racialised Exclusions and ‘Glocal’ Im/mobilities
    • 2. ‘Dark Town’ and ‘A Game for Britishers’: Some Notes on History, Football and ‘Race’ in Liverpool John Williams
    • 3. Is Football the New African Slave Trade? Colin King
    • 4. Football, Racism and the Irish David Hassan and Ken McCue
  • Contested Fields and Cultural Resistance
    • 5. Racisms, Resistance and New Youth Inclusions: The Socio-Historical Development and Shifting Focus of Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic Football Clubs in Leicester Steven Bradbury
    • 6. What is Rangers Resisting Now? ‘Race’, Resistance and Shifting notions of Blackness in Local Football in Leicester Paul Campbell
    • 7. British Muslim Female Experiences in Football: Islam, Identity and the Hijab Aisha Ahmad
  • ‘New’ Ethnicities and Emergent Communities
    • 8. Flying the Flag for England? National Identities and British Asian Female Footballers Aarti Ratna
    • 9. Mixing Up the Game: Social and Historical Contours of Black Mixed Heritage Players in British Football Mark Christian
    • 10. ‘Tough Talk’, Muscular Islam and Football: Young British Pakistani Muslim Masculinities Samaya Farooq
  • The Cultural Politics of Fandom
    • 11. The Limits to Cosmopolitanism: English Football Fans at Euro 2008 Peter Millward
    • 12. ‘Wot, No Asians?’: West Ham United Fandom, the Cockney Diaspora and the ‘New’ East Enders Jack Fawbert
    • 13. ‘They Sing That Song’: Sectarianism and Conduct in the Informalised Spaces of Scottish Football John Flint and Ryan Powell
  • Equity, Anti-Racism and the Politics of Campaigning
    • 14. Negative Equity? Amateurist Responses to Race Equality Initiatives in English Grass-Roots Football Jim Lusted
    • 15. Football, Racism and the Limits of ‘Colour Blind’ Law: Revisited Simon Gardiner and Roger Welch
    • 16. Marrying Passion with Professionalism: Examining the Future of British Asian Football Kuljit Randhawa
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Trans-American Modernisms: Racial Passing, Travel Writing, and Cultural Fantasies of Latin America

Posted in Brazil, Caribbean/Latin America, Dissertations, Literary/Artistic Criticism, Media Archive, Passing, United States on 2011-12-31 18:05Z by Steven

Trans-American Modernisms: Racial Passing, Travel Writing, and Cultural Fantasies of Latin America

University of Southern California
August 2009
311 pages

Ruth Blandón

Dissertation Presented to the FACULTY OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (ENGLISH)

In my historical examination of the literary works of Nella Larsen, William Carlos Williams, Langston Hughes, James Weldon Johnson, Jessie Redmon Fauset, and Carl Van Vechten, I investigate U.S. modernists’ interest in Latin America and their attempts to establish trans-American connections. As they engage with and write about countries such as Brazil, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Costa Rica, and Venezuela as utopian spaces, these writers often tend to relegate Latin America to the status of a useful trope, one that allows them to negotiate a variety of identitarian and sexual anxieties.

The domestic political landscape that informs the desire for migration to the Latin Americas—whether real or fantastical—in the early twentieth century leads to Johnson’s depiction of the savvy and ambitious titular character in his first and only novel, Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man, to Van Vechten’s, Larsen’s, and Fauset’s fantastical Brazil in their respective Nigger Heaven, Passing, and Plum Bun. Hughes’s translation of Cuban poet Nicolás Guillén’s poetry illustrates his straddling of national and color lines through the translation of language. These writers react to Jim Crow laws, one-drop rules, and color lines in their connections to and fantasies of the Latin Americas. What then of writers who make similar trans-American connections and constructions, but who write from a space of relative privilege, however resistant they are to that privilege? Consider William Carlos Williams, who negotiates the pressures of assimilation in the United States as he attempts to assert his Afro Puerto Rican and Anglo Dominican heritages. Although Williams is commonly recalled as an “all-American” poet, his works betray his constant attempts to harness three perpetually shifting and overlapping identities: that of a son of immigrants, of a first generation “American,” and of a son of the Americas.

The trans-American connections I reveal span the fantastical to the truly cross-cultural. In placing United States modernism and the Harlem Renaissance within a larger hemispheric context, I shift our sense of U.S. modernism in general, but also of the Harlem Renaissance’s place within U.S. modernism in particular.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgments
  • List of Figures
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Chapter One:
    • Reading, Misreading, and Language Passing in James Weldon Johnson’s The Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man and Along This Way
    • Blackness under the law
    • James Weldon Johnson’s Along This Way
    • The Autobiography of an Ex-Coloured Man
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter Two:
    • Brazilian Schemes and Utopian Dreams in Nella Larsen’s Passing, Jessie Redmon Fauset’s Plum Bun, and Carl Van Vechten’s Nigger Heaven
    • Historical Context
    • From Liberia to Brazil—A Change of Venue
    • Carl Van Vechten’s Nigger Heaven
    • Jessie Fauset’s Plum Bun, “Home,” and Brazil
    • Larsen’s Passing and Brazil as Utopia/Dystopia
    • Conclusion: Utopia vs. Brazilian Reality
  • Chapter Three:
    • All-American Me: William Carlos Williams’s Construction and Deconstruction of the Self
    • Cultural Context—Casta and Passing
    • Blurring Cultural Boundaries: “Only the whites of my eyes were affected.”
    • The Specter of Blackness: “I had visions of being lynched…”
    • In The American Grain: “I am—the brutal thing itself.”
    • Translation: “El que no a vista Sevilla, […] no a vista maravilla!
    • Conclusion: “I’ll keep my way in spite of all.”
  • Chapter Four:
    • “Look Homeward Angel Now”: Travel, Translation, and Langston Hughes’s Quest for Home
    • Langston Hughes in Mexico and Cuba—1907-1948: Mexico
    • Cuba
    • Langston Hughes and Nicolás Guillén in Spain
    • Translation, Analogy, and the “I”
    • Of Poetry, Jazz, Son, and Rumba
    • The Translations
    • Conclusion: Translating, Travel, and “Home”
  • Bibliography

List of Figures

  • Figure 1: James Weldon Johnson, photographed by Carl Van Vechten in 1932.
  • Figure 2: “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon.” Pablo Picasso, 1907.
  • Figure 3: “Noire et Blanche.” Man Ray, 1926.
  • Figure 4: “Blues.” Archibald Motley, 1929.
  • Figure 5: “An Idyll of the Deep South.” Aaron Douglas, 1934.
  • Figure 6: Bessie Smith, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1936.
  • Figure 7: Billie Holiday, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1949.
  • Figure 8: The Williams Family
  • Figure 9: “De Español y Mulata; Morisca.” [“From Spaniard and Mulatto, Morisca.”] Miguel Cabrera, 1763.
  • Figure 10: “De Mestizo y d India; Coyote.”[“From Mestizo and Indian, Coyote.”] Miguel Cabrera, 1763.
  • Figure 11: William Carlos Williams, circa 1903.
  • Figure 12: Elena Hoheb Williams
  • Figure 13: Langston Hughes
  • Figure 14: Diego Rivera with Frida Kahlo, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1932.
  • Figure 15: Nicolás Guillén

Read the entire dissertation here.

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My Confederate Kinfolk: A Twenty-First Century Freedwoman Discovers Her Roots

Posted in Autobiography, Books, History, Media Archive, Monographs, United States on 2011-12-30 20:36Z by Steven

My Confederate Kinfolk: A Twenty-First Century Freedwoman Discovers Her Roots

Basic Civitas Books
352 pages
Paperback ISBN: 9780465015740; ISBN-10: 0465015743

Thulani Davis

Starting from a photograph and writings left by her grandmother, acclaimed African-American novelist Thulani Davis goes looking for the “white folk” in her family, a Scots-Irish family of cotton planters unknown to her-and uncovers a history far richer and stranger than she had ever imagined. Her journey challenges us to examine the origins of some of our most deeply ingrained notions about what makes a family black or white, and offers an immensely compelling, intellectually challenging alternative.

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Hypodescent: A history of the crystallization of the one-drop rule in the United States, 1880-1940

Posted in Dissertations, History, Law, Media Archive, Social Science, United States on 2011-12-30 19:41Z by Steven

Hypodescent: A history of the crystallization of the one-drop rule in the United States, 1880-1940

Princeton University
September 2011
383 pages
Publication Number: AAT 3480237
ISBN: 9781124939179

Scott Leon Washington


This dissertation examines the crystallization of the one-drop rule in the United States between 1880 and 1940. The “one-drop rule” is a colloquial expression, a phrase which reflects the belief that a person bearing a trace of African ancestry (literally, a single drop of black or Negro “blood”) is black. Historians and social scientists have tended to assume that, as a principle of classification, the one-drop rule can be traced back to the institution of slavery. This study provides a different account. Using a variety of methods, it attempts to explain how the one-drop rule developed, when it became institutionalized, and why. It also adopts a new approach to the study of race, ethnicity, and nationalism, an approach based largely although by no means exclusively on the work of Pierre Bourdieu. The study in its present form has been limited to five chapters. Chapter One explores the origins and development of the one-drop rule, while Chapter Two provides a detailed reading of the case of Plessy v. Ferguson. Chapter Three provides a quantitative account of the country’s history of anti-miscegenation legislation, while Chapter Four examines the role lynching played in the South as a means of social demarcation. The study ends in Chapter Five with a brief synopsis, an inquiry into the relationship between slavery and democracy, and a nonpartisan look at the legacy of the one-drop rule.


  • Abstract
  • Maps and Figures
  • Tables
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • I. Introduction: A Prehistory of the Present
    • 1.1. An American Anomaly
    • 1.2. The Origins and Development of the One-Drop Rule
    • 1.3. An Outline of the Argument
    • 1.4. Words about Words
    • 1.5. References
  • II. The Blood of Homer Plessy
    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. Digression: The Virtues of Virtual History
    • 2.3. The Wider Context
    • 2.4. Plessy v. Ferguson: Background Information
    • 2.5. The Tourgée Brief
    • 2.6. The Majority Opinion
    • 2.7. Counterfactual Scenario
    • 2.8. Plausibility Defense
    • 2.9. Conclusion
    • 2.10. References
  • III. Crossing the Line
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. A Brief History of Laws Prohibiting Interracial Sex and Marriage
    • 3.3. Trends in Anti-Miscegenation Activity
    • 3.4. Data and Methods
    • 3.5. Results
    • 3.6. Discussion
    • 3.7. Conclusion
    • 3.8. References
    • 3.9. Appendix
  • IV. The Killing Fields Revisited: Lynching and Anti-Miscegenation Legislation in the Jim Crow South, 1882-1930
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Lynching: Background Information
    • 4.3. Anti-Miscegenation Legislation: Background Information
    • 4.4. The Strange Career of Judge Lynch: A Review of the Literature
    • 4.5. Data and Methods
    • 4.6. Results
    • 4.7. Discussion
    • 4.8. Conclusion
    • 4.9. References
  • V. Conclusion: The Legacy of the One-Drop Rule
    • 5.1. Permanence and Change
    • 5.2. Synopsis
    • 5.3. Slavery and Democracy
    • 5.4. A Final Note
    • 5.5. References

Maps and Figures

  • 3.1A. Colonies Prohibiting Interracial Sex or Marriage, 1776
  • 3.1B. States and Territories, Prohibiting Interracial Sex or Marriage, 1861
  • 3.1C. States and Territories, Prohibiting Interracial Sex or Marriage, 1877
  • 3.1D. States Prohibiting Interracial Sex or Marriage, 1938
  • 3.1E. States Prohibiting Interracial Sex or Marriage, 1967
  • 3.2A. Anti-Miscegenation Activity, 1619-2000
  • 3.2B. Anti-Miscegenation Activity, Excluding Significant Cases, 1619-2000
  • 3.3A. Anti-Miscegenation Bills Defeated, 1913
  • 3.3B. Anti-Miscegenation Bills Defeated, 1927
  • 3.4A. Statutory Definitions, 1861
  • 3.4B. Statutory Definitions, 1877
  • 3.4C. Statutory Definitions, 1938
  • 3.5A. Statutory Penalties, 1861
  • 3.5B. Statutory Penalties, 1877
  • 3.5C. Statutory Penalties, 1938
  • 3.6. Punishments Against Secondary Parties, 1938
  • 3.7. Racial Coverage of Laws Prohibiting Miscegenation, 1938
  • 3.8. Appellate Litigation Concerning Definitions of Race, 1776-2000
  • 3.9A-G. Severity of Definitions, 1880-1940
  • 3.10A-G. Severity of Penalties, 1880-1940
  • 4.1. Lynching and Anti-Miscegenation Legislation in the Jim Crow South, 1882-1930
  • 4.2. Lynching and Anti-Miscegenation Legislation in the Jim Crow South, Integrated Trends, 1882-1930
  • 4.3. The Moving Effects of Anti-Miscegenation Activity and the Constant Dollar Price for Cotton, 1882-1930
  • 5.1. Percent of Americans Marrying Out of Race, 1970-2000
  • 5.2A. Percent of Whites Marrying Out of Race, 1880-2000
  • 5.2B. Percent of Blacks Marrying Out of Race, 1880-2000
  • 5.3A. Percent of Whites Marrying Out of Race, Adjusting for Relative Numbers in the Population, 1880-2000
  • 5.3B. Percent of Blacks Marrying Out of Race, Adjusting for Relative Numbers in the Population, 1880-2000
  • 5.4. Percent within Categories Reporting Two or More Races, 2000


  • 1.1. The Longue Durée of the One-Drop Rule, 1619-2000
  • 3.1. Percent of Colonies, Territories, and States Prohibiting Interracial Sex or Marriage, 1776-1967
  • 3.2A. Anti-Miscegenation Activity, 1619-2000
  • 3.2B. Anti-Miscegenation Activity, Excluding Significant Cases, 1619-2000
  • 3.3A. Average Severity of Definitions, 1861, 1877, 1938
  • 3.3B. Average Severity of Definitions, Excluding States without Definitions, 1861, 1877, 1938
  • 3.4A. Average Severity of Penalties, 1861, 1877, 1938
  • 3.4B. Average Severity of Penalties, Excluding States without Penalties, 1861, 1877, 1938
  • 3.5. Expected Relationships
  • 3.6. ARMA (1,1) Regression of Anti-Miscegenation Activity on Selected Variables
  • 3.7. ARMA (1,1) Regression of Severity of Definitions on Selected Variables
  • 3.8. ARMA (1,1) Regression of Severity of Penalties on Selected Variables
  • 3.9. Racial Categories Used by the United States Census Bureau, 1880-1940
  • 3.10. Growth of the Decennial Census, 1880-1940
  • 3.11A. Significant Cases, 1810-1894
  • 3.11B. Significant Cases, 1895-1972
  • 4.1. ARMA (1,1,1) Regression of Black Lynchings on Selected Variables
  • 4.2. ARMA (1,1) Regression of Black Lynchings on Selected Variables
  • 4.3. The Impact of Anti-Miscegenation Activity and the Market for Southern Cotton Before and After 1900
  • 5.1. Percent of Americans Marrying Out of Race, 1970-2000
  • 5.2. Black-White Intermarriage Rates, 1970-2000
  • 5.3. Total Population by Number of Races Reported, 2000
  • 5.4. Percent within Categories Reporting Two or More Races, 2000
  • 5.5. Multiple-Race Population, 2000

Purchase the dissertation here.

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Psychology Major Publishes Analysis of Racial Dynamics in the Wizarding World

Posted in Articles, Campus Life, Identity Development/Psychology, Media Archive, Social Science, United States on 2011-12-30 02:27Z by Steven

Psychology Major Publishes Analysis of Racial Dynamics in the Wizarding World

James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia
Department of Psychology

Jordan Pye

When a fan asked her about the political allegories in her book series, Harry Potter author J.K. Rowling said, “I wanted Harry to leave our world and find exactly the same problems in the wizarding world.”

By exploring this idea, one senior psychology student, Christina Thai, put her love for Harry Potter to use in a comparison of how societies perceive people of mixed racial backgrounds. Her work will be published in “A Wizard of Their Age: Critical Essays from the Harry Potter Generation,” a compilation by students who applied concepts in the series to their own fields of study. Thai’s chapter is called “Harry Potter and Blood Status: A Psychological Look at Blood Stratification in the Wizarding World,” which she compares the racial dynamics in Harry Potter’s wizarding world to the historical relationship between European Americans and African Americans in the United States…

…Thai, a native of Fairfax, Va. with a second major in biology, found inspiration for the topic during her first semester of research in the Cultural and Racial Diversity Studies lab with Dr. Matthew Lee. After studying racial identity and discrimination, Thai built upon alumnus Candace Vanderpoel’s honors thesis research on hypodescent among African Americans and Asians. This concept is the belief that a bi-racial person has both minority and majority race heritage, but their minority identity overshadows their majority status, so their community considers them a minority.

Thai translated this idea to social hierarchy in the Harry Potter series, where witches and wizards of “pure blood” descent have a higher status than Muggles, who have no magical heritage, and the “mudbloods,” who have a mix of wizard and Muggle parents. Harry himself had a wizard father and a witch mother who was born a Muggle. Thai mainly focused on Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the last book in the series where Voldemort assumes power of the Ministry of Magic and enacts laws that promote pure blood status and discriminate against Muggles and mudbloods…

Read the entire article here.

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