In Mixed Company: Multiracial academics, advocates and artists gather for Hapa Japan Conference

Posted in Articles, Asian Diaspora, Identity Development/Psychology, Media Archive, United States on 2012-05-15 21:37Z by Steven

In Mixed Company: Multiracial academics, advocates and artists gather for Hapa Japan Conference

Nichi Bei: A mixed plate of Japanese American News & Culture
2011-05-26

Alec Yoshio MacDonald, Nichi Bei Weekly Contributor

As a graduate student in UCLA‚Äôs psychology department during the late 1970s, Christine Iijima Hall absorbed scathing criticism about her dissertation. Fellow academics dismissed her project as ‚Äúa ridiculous piece of research,‚ÄĚ she said, and newspapers declined to publicize her need for study participants based on the belief that she was covering a ‚Äústupid topic.‚ÄĚ Few people, apparently, saw any worth in exploring the identity formation of individuals from mixed black and Japanese backgrounds.
 
Coming from such a background herself, Hall remained undeterred in pursuing the subject. In part, she was motivated to counteract existing literature that painted a disturbing portrait of those like her‚ÄĒin essence, that ‚Äúwe were insane, that there was something wrong with us, we never knew what we wanted, and we killed ourselves.‚ÄĚ The studies that yielded these alarming conclusions were flawed, she explained, because they tended to focus on institutionalized patients instead of average folks. By delving into the everyday mixed race experience, she knew she could reveal a more compelling story deserving of attention.
 
In her effort to reframe an issue so widely ignored and narrowly interpreted, Hall ended up producing one of the pioneering works of an emerging discipline. At that time ‚Äú‚Äėmultiracial‚Äô was not a word yet,‚ÄĚ she recalled, but thanks in no small measure to her perseverance, the field of multiracial studies exists today.

Scholars in the field recently had the chance to reflect on the past, present and future of their discipline when they came together April 8 and 9 for the Hapa Japan Conference. Held primarily on the campus of UC Berkeley and hosted by the university‚Äôs Center for Japanese Studies, it showcased a range of both foundational and current projects concerning multiraciality. As Hall pointed out while revisiting her dissertation for a session called ‚ÄúA Changing Japanese-American Community,‚ÄĚ the conference also served as ‚Äúa reunion for many of us who have done mixed race research.‚ÄĚ…

Read the entire article here.

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Nikkei Heritage: Intermarriages and Hapas: An Overview – Parts 1 and 2

Posted in Articles, Asian Diaspora, Family/Parenting, History, Identity Development/Psychology, Media Archive, Social Science, United States on 2010-02-17 17:59Z by Steven

Nikkei Heritage: Intermarriages and Hapas: An Overview – Parts 1 and 2

Discover Nikkei (Japanese Migrans and Their Descendants)
Republished from Nikkei Heritage (The quarterly journal of the National Japanese American Historical Society)
2007-05-11

George Kitahara Kich, Senior Trial Consultant
Bonora D’Andrea

Rebecca Chiyoko King-O’Riain, Lecturer in Sociology
National University of Ireland, Maynooth

Larry Hajime Shinagawa, Associate Professor Director of Asian American Studies
University of Maryland

Shizue Seigel

To be biracial and Japanese American means having many different labels from which to choose. For this historical overview, we will use ‚ÄúHapa‚ÄĚ, a term popularized by the Hapa Issues Forum, to mean people who have an Asian/Asian Pacific Islander parent and a parent of any other race. Our focus here is on those with a Japanese or a Japanese American parent.

There is no single Hapa experience. Over the decades, Hapas have had widely different experiences based on individual circumstance and background, as well as the time period and environment into which they were born. The history of people of mixed-race has been deeply influenced by the evolving social and legal contexts for interracial relationships and marriages, along with community attitudes about culture, tradition and belongingness. Legal barriers against mixed marriages have fallen; however, discrimination, prejudice, community fears and stereotyping still affect interracial marriages and interracial people today. Nonetheless, about half* of all Japanese American marriages since 1970 have been to non-JAs, and the birthrate of interracial and interethnic children with some Japanese ancestry now exceeds that of JA/JA children. The Japanese American community has been gradually welcoming Hapas as a significant and growing part of the Japanese American community…

Read the entire Part 1 of the article here.
Read Part 2 here.

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The Multiracial Experience: Racial Borders as the New Frontier

Posted in Anthologies, Anthropology, Books, Census/Demographics, Gay & Lesbian, Identity Development/Psychology, Media Archive, Politics/Public Policy, Social Science, Teaching Resources on 2009-12-30 17:59Z by Steven

The Multiracial Experience: Racial Borders as the New Frontier

SAGE Publications
1995
512 pages
Paperback ISBN: 9780803970595

Edited by Maria P. P. Root

In her bold new edited volume, The Multiracial Experience, Maria P. P. Root challenges current theoretical and political conceptualizations of race by examining the experience of mixed-race individuals. Articulating questions that will form the basis for future discussions of race and identity, the contributors tackle concepts such as redefining ethnicity when race is less central to the definition and how a multiracial model might dismantle our negative construction of race. Researchers and practitioners in ethnic studies, anthropology, education, law, psychology, nursing, social work, and sociology add personal insights in chapter-opening vignettes while providing integral critical viewpoints. Sure to stimulate thinking and discussion, the contributors focus on the most contemporary racial issues, including the racial classification system from the U.S. Census to the schools; the differences between race, ethnicity, and colorism; gender and sexuality in a multicultural context; ethnic identity and identity formation; transracial adoption; and the future of race relations in the United States. The Multiracial Experience opens up the dialogue to rethink and redefine race and social relations in this country. This volume provides discussions key to all professionals, practitioners, researchers, and students in multicultural issues, ethnic relations, sociology, education, psychology, management, and public health.

Table of Contents

The Multiracial Experience: Racial Borders as a Significant Frontier in Race Relations РMaria P. P. Root

PART ONE: HUMAN RIGHTS

  • A Bill of Rights for Racially Mixed People – ¬†Maria P. P. Root
  • Government Classification of Multiracial/Multiethnic People –¬†Carlos A. Fernandez
  • The Real World –¬†Susan R. Graham
  • Multiracial Identity in a Color-Conscious World – Deborah A. Ramirez
  • Transracial Adoptions: In Whose Best Interest?¬†–¬†Ruth G. McRoy and Christine C. Iijima Hall
  • Voices from the Movement: Approaches to Multiraciality¬†– Cynthia L. Nakashima

PART TWO: IDENTITY

  • Hidden Agendas, Identity Theories, and Multiracial People – ¬†Michael C. Thornton
  • Black and White Identity in the New Millenium: Unsevering the Ties That Bind¬†– G. Reginald Daniel
  • On Being and Not-Being Black and Jewish – Naomi Zack
  • An `Other’ Way of Life: The Empowerment of Alterity in the Interracial Individual¬†– Jan R. Weisman

PART THREE: BLENDING AND FLEXIBILITY

  • LatiNegra Lillian: Mental Health Issues of African –¬†¬†Lillian Comas-Diaz
  • Race as Process: Reassessing the `What Are You?’ Encounters of Biracial Individuals – Teresa Kay Williams
  • Piecing Together the Puzzle: Self-Concept and Group Identity in Biracial Black/White Youth – Lynda D. Field
  • Changing Face, Changing Race: The Remaking of Race in the Japanese American and African American Communities¬†–¬†Rebecca Chiyoko King and Kimberly McClain DaCosta
  • Without a Template: The Biracial Korean/White Experience –¬†Brian Chol Soo Standen

PART FOUR: GENDER AND SEXUAL IDENTITY

  • In the Margins of Sex and Race: Difference, Marginality, and Flexibility¬†– George Kitahara Kich
  • (Un)Natural Boundaries: Mixed Race, Gender, and Sexuality –¬†Karen Maeda Allman
  • Heterosexual Alliances: The Romantic Management of Racial Identity- ¬†Francine Winddance Twine
  • Ambiguous Bodies: Locating Black/White Women in Cultural Representations –¬†Caroline A. Streeter

PART FIVE: MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION

  • Making the Invisible Visible: The Growth of Community Network Organizations¬†– Nancy G. Brown and Ramona E. Douglass
  • Challenging Race and Racism: A Framework for Educators –¬†Ronald David Glass and Kendra R. Wallace
  • Being Different Together in the University Classroom: Multiracial Identity as Transgressive Education¬†– Teresa Kay Williams et al
  • Multicultural Education –¬†Francis Wardle

PART SIX: THE NEW MILLENIUM

  • 2001: A Race Odyssey¬†– Christine C. Iijima Hall
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Racially Mixed People in America

Posted in Anthologies, Autobiography, Books, Census/Demographics, Identity Development/Psychology, Media Archive, Politics/Public Policy, Social Science, United States on 2009-10-14 00:31Z by Steven

Racially Mixed People in America

SAGE Publications, Inc.
1992
400 pages
Paperback ISBN: 9780803941021

Edited by Maria P. P. Root

Recipient of the Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Human Rights in the United States 1993 Outstanding Book Award.

America has been the breeding ground of a “biracial baby boom” for the past 25 years. Unfortunately, there has been a dearth of information regarding how racially mixed people identify and view themselves and how they relate to one another. Racially Mixed People in America steadily bridges this gap and offers a comprehensive look at the social and psychological adjustment of mixed-race people, models for identity development, contemporary immigration and marriage patterns, and methodological issues involved in conducting research with mixed-race people, all in the context of America’s mixed race past and present. Including contributions by ethnohistorians, psychologists, and sociologists, this powerful volume will provide the reader a tool for examining ideologies surrounding race, race relations, and the role of social science in the deconstruction of race. Racially Mixed People in America is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in cross-cultural studies, psychology, family studies, sociology, and social work.

Table of Contents

  • PART ONE: RACIAL ECOLOGY
    • Within, Between, and Beyond Race — Maria P. P. Root
    • The Illogic of American Racial CategoriesPaul R. Spickard
    • The Human Ecology of Multiracial Identity — Robin L. Miller
    • Developmental Pathways — Deborah J. Johnson
    • Toward an Ecological Theoretical Formulation of Race Identity in Black/White Biracial Children
    • Mixed Heritage Individuals — Cookie White Stephan
    • Ethnic Identity and Trait Characteristics
    • The Quiet Immigration — Michael C. Thornton
    • Foreign Spouses of US Citizens, 1945-1985
    • Beauty and the Beast — Carla K. Bradshaw
    • On Racial Ambiguity
  • PART TWO: RECOVERING THE MULTIRACIAL PAST
    • Passers and Pluralists G. Reginald Daniel
    • Subverting the Racial Divide
    • Blood Quantum — Terry P. Wilson
    • Native American Mixed Bloods
    • La Raza and the Melting Pot — Carlos A. Fernandez
    • A Comparative Look at Multiethnicity
    • From Dust to Gold Kieu — Linh Caroline Valverde
    • The Vietnamese Amerasian Experience
    • An Invisible Monster — Cynthia L. Nakashima
    • The Creation and Denial of Mixed Race People in America
  • PART THREE: WHAT OF THE CHILDREN
    • Back to the Drawing Board Maria P. P. Root
    • Methodological Issues in Research on Multiracial People
    • Identity Development in Biracial Children — James H. Jacobs
    • Between a Rock and a Hard Place — Ana Mari Cauce et al
    • Social Adjustment of Biracial Youth
    • Negotiating Ethnic Identity — Jewelle Taylor Gibbs and Alice M. Hines
    • Issues for Black/White Biracial Adolescents
    • Offspring of Cross-Race and Cross-Ethnic Marriages in Hawaii — Ronald C. Johnson
    • Please Choose One — Christine C. Iijima Hall
    • Ethnic Identity Choices for Biracial Individuals
    • Interracial Japanese Americans — Amy Iwasaki Mass
    • The Best of Both Worlds or the End of the Japanese American Community?
    • Prism Lives Teresa — Kay Williams
    • Identity of Binational Amerasians
    • The Developmental Process of Asserting a Biracial, Bicultural Identity — George Kitahara Kich
  • PART FOUR: CHALLENGING THE CENSUS
    • Is Multiracial Status Unique? The Personal and Social Experience — Michael C. Thornton
    • Coloring Outside the Lines — Christine C. Iijima Hall
    • Multicultural Identity and the Death of Stereotypes — Philip Tajitsu Nash
    • Beyond Black and White — G. Reginald Daniel
    • The New Multiracial Consciousness
    • From Shortcuts to Solutions — Maria P. P. Root
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