|Articles, Census/Demographics, Health/Medicine/Genetics, Media Archive, Social Work, United States on 2014-04-17 21:45Z by Steven|
Lisa Reyes Mason, Assistant Professor of Social Work
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Yunju Nam, Associate Professor of Social Work
State University of New York, Buffalo
Youngmi Kim, Assistant Professor of Social Work
Virginia Commonwealth University
To compare infant race/ethnicity based on birth certificates with parent report of infant race/ethnicity in a survey.
Using sensitivity scores and positive predictive values, we examined consistency of infant race/ethnicity across two data sources (N = 2,663).
Data Collection/Extraction Methods
We compared conventional measures of infant race/ethnicity from birth certificate and survey data. We also tested alternative measures that allow biracial classification, determined from parental information on the infant’s birth certificate or parental survey report.
Sensitivity of conventional measures is highest for whites and African Americans and lowest for Hispanics; positive predictive value is highest for Hispanics and African Americans and lowest for American Indians. Alternative measures improve values among whites but yield mostly low values among minority and biracial groups.
Health disparities research should consider the source and validity of infant race/ethnicity data when creating sampling frames or designing studies that target infants by race/ethnicity. The common practice of assigning the maternal race/ethnicity as infant race/ethnicity should continue to be challenged.
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