Afro-Brazilians: Cultural Production in a Racial Democracy

Posted in Anthropology, Books, Brazil, Caribbean/Latin America, History, Literary/Artistic Criticism, Media Archive, Monographs on 2012-11-06 02:33Z by Steven

Afro-Brazilians: Cultural Production in a Racial Democracy

University of Rochester Press (an imprint of Boydell & Brewer)
2009-04-01
443 pages
9 x 6
Hardback ISBN: 9781580462624
eBook ISBN: 9781580467100

Niyi Afolabi, Professor of African & African Diaspora Studies
University of Texas, Austin

Brazil, the most racially diverse Latin American country, is also the most contradictory: for centuries it has maintained fantasy as reality through the myth of racial democracy. Enshrined in that mythology is the masking of exclusionism that strategically displaces and marginalizes Afro-Brazilians from political power.

In this absorbing new study, Niyi Afolabi exposes the tensions between the official position on racial harmony and the reality of marginalization experienced by Afro-Brazilians by exploring Afro-Brazilian cultural production as a considered response to this exclusion. The author examines major contributions in music, history, literature, film, and popular culture in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to reveal how each performance by an Afro-Brazilian artist addresses issues of identity and racism through a variety of veils that entertain, ridicule, invoke, provoke, protest, and demand change at the same time.

Raising cogent questions such as the vital role of Afro-Brazilians in the making of Brazilian national identity; the representation of Brazilian women as hapless, exploited, and abandoned; the erosion of the influence of black movements due to fragmentation and internal disharmony; and the portrayal of Afro-Brazilians on the national screen as domestics, Afolabi provides insightful, nuanced analyses that tease out the complexities of the dilemma in their appropriate historical, political, and social contexts.

Contents

  1. Negotiating Cultural Production in a Racial Democracy
  2. Two Faces of Racial Democracy
  3. Quilombhoje as a Cultural Collective
  4. Beyond the Curtains: Unveiling Afro-Brazilian Women Writers
  5. (Un)Broken Linkages
  6. The Tropicalist Legacy of Gilberto Gil
  7. Afro-Brazilian Carnival
  8. Film and Fragmentation
  9. Ancestrality and the Dynamics of Afro-Modernity
  10. The Forerunners of Afro-Modernity
  11. (Un)Transgressed Tradition
  12. Ancestrality, Memory, and Citizenship
  13. Quilombo without Frontiers
  14. Ancestral Motherhood of Leci Brandao
  15. The Future of Afro-Brazilian Cultural Production
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Not So Plain as Black and White: Afro-German Culture & History, 1890-2000

Posted in Anthologies, Arts, Books, Europe, History, Identity Development/Psychology, Literary/Artistic Criticism, Media Archive on 2010-07-05 04:39Z by Steven

Not So Plain as Black and White: Afro-German Culture & History, 1890-2000

University of Rochester Press
2005-03-01
266 pages
Pages: 266
Size: 9 x 6
Hardback 13 Digit ISBN: 9781580461832
Imprint: University of Rochester Press

Edited by

Patricia M. Mazón, Associate Professor of History
State University of New York, Buffalo

Reinhild Steingröver, Assistant Professor of German
University of Rochester, Eastman School of Music

Since the Middle Ages, Africans have lived in Germany as slaves and scholars, guest workers and refugees. After Germany became a unified nation in 1871, it acquired several African colonies but lost them after World War I. Children born of German mothers and African fathers during the French occupation of Germany were persecuted by the Nazis. After World War II, many children were born to African American GIs stationed in Germany and German mothers. Today there are 500,000 Afro-Germans in Germany out of a population of 80 million. Nevertheless, German society still sees them as ‚Äúforeigners,‚ÄĚ assuming they are either African or African American but never German.

In recent years, the subject of Afro-Germans has captured the interest of scholars across the humanities for several reasons. Looking at Afro-Germans allows us to see another dimension of the nineteenth- and early twentieth-century ideas of race that led to the Holocaust. Furthermore, the experience of Afro-Germans provides insight into contemporary Germany’s transformation, willing or not, into a multicultural society. The volume breaks new ground not only by addressing the topic of Afro-Germans but also by combining scholars from many disciplines.

Table of Contents

  1. Dangerous Liaisons: Race, Nation, and German Identity
  2. The First Besatzungskinder: Afro-German Children, Colonial Childrearing Practices, and Racial Policy in German Southwest Africa, 1890-1914
  3. Converging Specters of an Other Within: Race and Gender in Pre- 1945 Afro-German History
  4. Louis Brody and the Black Presence in German Film Before 1945
  5. Narrating “Race” in 1950s’ West Germany: The Phenomenon of the Toxi Films
  6. Will Everything Be Fine? Anti-Racist Practice in Recent German Cinema
  7. Writing Diasporic Identity: Afro-German Literature since 1985
  8. The Souls of Black Volk: Contradiction? Oxymoron?
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