Anomaly: A New Documentary Film About Mixed Race Identity

Posted in Arts, Barack Obama, Identity Development/Psychology, Live Events, New Media, Social Science, United States on 2009-11-30 05:47Z by Steven

Anomaly: A New Documentary Film About Mixed Race Identity

African Diaspora Film Festival

Jessica Chen Drammeh
47 minutes
In English

Barack Obama‘s presidency highlights the continued struggles around U.S. race issues. “Anomaly” provides a thought-provoking look at multiracial identity by combining personal narratives with the larger drama of mixed race in American culture. The characters use spoken word and music to tell their stories of navigating a complex racial landscape. Q&A with the director after the screening.

View the trailer here.

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Who Counts?: Science, Demography and the Social “‘There’s No One as Irish as Barack O’Bama’: The Policy and Politics of American Multiracialism”

Posted in Census/Demographics, Live Events, New Media, Politics/Public Policy, Social Science, United States on 2009-11-29 21:07Z by Steven

Who Counts?: Science, Demography and the Social “‘There’s No One as Irish as Barack O’Bama’: The Policy and Politics of American Multiracialism

2009-11-17 21:00Z
Mencoff Hall, 68 Waterman St.

Jennifer L. Hochschild, Henry LaBarre Jayne Professor of Government and Professor of African and African-American Studies
Harvard University

For the first time in American history, the United States’ 2000 census allowed individuals to choose more than one race. That new policy sets up our exploration of whether and how multiracialism is entering Americans’ understanding and practice of race. Using a policy feedback framework, we find that multiracialism is becoming institutionalized, that the small proportion of Americans who define themselves as multiracial is growing, and that the evidence suggests a continued rise.

Increasing multiracial identification is also made more likely by racial mixture’s growing prominence in American society. However, the politics side of the feedback loop is complicated by the fact that identification is not identity; traditional racial or ethnic loyalties and understandings remain strong, including among potential multiracial identifiers. We expect mixed race identity to be contextual, fluid, and additive, so that it can be layered onto rather than substituted for traditional monoracial commitments. If this development continues to take hold, it has the potential to change much of the politics and policy of American race relations.


Interracial Relationships in the 21st Century

Posted in Anthologies, Barack Obama, Books, Family/Parenting, Gay & Lesbian, Identity Development/Psychology, Media Archive, Social Science, United States on 2009-11-28 21:37Z by Steven

Interracial Relationships in the 21st Century

Carolina Academic Press
160 pp
Paper ISBN: 978-1-59460-571-0
LCCN: 2009001612

Earl Smith, Professor of Sociology and Rubin Professor and Director of Ethnic Studies
Wake Forest University

Angela J. Hattery, Professor of Sociology
Wake Forest University

Interracial Relationships in the 21st Century is a unique set of essays—both personal and research based—that explore a variety of issues related to interracial couplings in the 21st Century United States. Edited by Earl Smith and Angela Hattery, professors of sociology at Wake Forest University, this volume brings together the leading scholars in both the social sciences and the humanities who explore interracialities.

The chapters cover a wide range of topics related to navigating interracial relationships, including a chapter by George Yancey and colleagues that focuses on the tensions around interracial relationships in conservative Christian churches, to the role that racism and patriarchy play in shaping intimate partner violence among interracial couples—Smith and Hattery’s own contribution. Kerry Ann Rockquemore and Tracey A. Laszloffy focus on the children of interracial unions and their attempts to negotiate a racial identity. Wei Ming Dariotis uses a personal narrative to explore the discourse and cooption of the term “Hapa” by a variety of Asian Americans. And, Amy Steinbugler offers an examination of the intersections of race, gender, and sexuality in her chapter on interracial, same sex couples. Other contributors include Kellina M. Craig-Henderson, Emily J. Hubbard and Amy Smith.

In light of the recent election of the first African American president, Barack Obama, himself a bi-racial individual living in a multi-racial family, this book could not be more timely.

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1 • Introduction, Earl Smith & Angela Hattery
    • Interracial Marriage among Whites and African Americans
    • References

    Chapter 2 • African American Attitudes towards Interracial Intimacy: A Review of Existing Research and Findings, Kellina M. Craig-Henderson

    • Introduction
    • African American Attitudes towards Interracial Intimacy
    • Focusing on African American Attitudes
    • Research on African Americans’ Attitudes toward Interracial Intimacy
    • Variation within Race
    • Illustration: The HBCU Study
    • Concluding Comments
    • References

    Chapter 3 • Hapa: An Episodic Memoir, Wei Ming Dariotis

    • Introduction
    • Hapa: Community and Family
    • War Baby | Love Child (Ang 2001)
    • War Babies: White Side/Chinese Side
    • Hapa: Language, Identity and Power
    • Conclusion
    • References

    Chapter 4 • What about the Children? Exploring Misconceptions and Realities about Mixed-Race Children, Tracey A. Laszloffy & Kerry Ann Rockquemore

    • Misconception #1: Doomed to Identity Confusion
    • Reality: Racial Identity Varies and Can Change over Time
    • Misconception #2: Doomed by Double Rejection
    • Reality: Acceptance and Comfort Require Contact
    • Racial Socialization in Interracial Families
    • Individual Parental Factors
    • The Quality of the Parents’ Relationship
    • Parents’ Response to Physical Appearance
    • Raising Biracial Children
    • References

    Chapter 5 • Race and Intimate Partner Violence: Violence in Interracial and Intraracial Relationships, Angela Hattery & Earl Smith

    • Introduction
    • Interracial Relationships
    • Black-White Intermarriage
    • Theoretical Framework: Race, Class and Gender
    • Experiences with IPV in Interracial Relationships:
      • The Story
      • Race Differences in Victimization
      • Race Differences in Perpetration
      • Racial Composition of the Couple
      • African American Men and White Women
      • White Men and African American Women
      • Race, Class and Gender: Analyzing the Data
      • Conclusion
    • Bibliography

    Chapter 6 • Hiding in Plain Sight: Why Queer Interraciality Is Unrecognizable to Strangers and Sociologists, Amy C. Steinbugler

    • Sexuality, Interracial Intimacy, and Social Recognition
    • Research Methodology
    • Seeing Straight: Heterosexual Interracial Intimacy in Public Spaces
    • Exclusion and Affirmation
    • Heterosexuality as Visual Default
    • Queer Interraciality: Intimacy Unseen
    • The Privileges and Vulnerability of Social Recognition
    • Visibility and the Performance of Gender
    • A Broader Lack of Recognition
    • Analyzing Heterosexuality: Privileges and Problems
    • Gay and Lesbian Interracial Families: Hiding in Plain Sight?
    • Conclusion
    • Bibliography

    Chapter 7 • Unequally Yoked: How Willing Are Christians to Engage in Interracial and Interfaith Dating?, George Yancey, Emily J. Hubbard & Amy Smith

    • Introduction
    • Instructions on Interfaith Dating
    • Instructions on Interracial Dating
    • Christianity and Racism
    • Why Christians May Not Interracially Date
    • Procedures
    • Data and Methods
    • Variables
    • Results
    • Discussion
    • Conclusion
    • References

    Chapter 8 • Conclusion: Where Do Interracial Relationships Go from Here?, Angela Hattery & Earl Smith

    • References
    • Index
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    The Creolization Reader: Studies in Mixed Identities and Cultures

    Posted in Anthologies, Anthropology, Books, Media Archive, Social Science on 2009-11-28 02:15Z by Steven

    The Creolization Reader: Studies in Mixed Identities and Cultures

    416 pages
    Paperback ISBN: 978-0-415-49854-8
    Hardback ISBN: 978-0-415-49713-8

    Edited by

    Robin Cohen, Professor of Development Studies and Director of the International Migration Institute
    University of Oxford

    Paola Toninato, Research Fellow in Sociology and Italian Studies
    University of Warwick

    Increasingly, ‘creolization’ is used to analyse ‘cultural complexity’, ‘cosmopolitanism’, ‘hybridity’, ‘syncretism’ and ‘mixture’, prominent and growing characteristics of the global age. The Creolization Reader captures all these meanings. Attention to the ‘creolizing world’ has enormous potential as a suggestive way of describing our complex world and the diverse societies in which we all now live. The Creolization Reader illuminates old creole societies and emerging cultures and identities in many parts of the world. Areas covered include Latin America, the Indian Ocean, the Caribbean, West, South and East Africa, the Pacific and the USA. Our authors provide an authoritative review, conspectus and critique of many aspects of creolization. This book is divided into five main sections covering the following key topics:

    • Concepts and Theories
    • The Creolized World
    • Popular Culture
    • Kindred Concepts
    • The Creolizing World

    Each section begins with a brief introduction summarizing the key arguments of the contributors, while the editors provide a provocative and comprehensive introduction to the debates provoked by creolization theory. The Creolization Reader is multi-disciplinary and includes 28 readings and original contributions drawn mainly from history, sociology, development studies, anthropology and cultural studies.

    Table of Contents

    PART 1: CONCEPTS AND THEORIES 1. Creolité and the Process of Creolization 2. Creoles, Capitalism and Colonialism 3. Creolization and its Discontents 4. Creolization and Creativity 5. In Praise of Créolité PART 2: THE CREOLIZED WORLD 6. The Creolité Movement: Paradoxes of a French Caribbean Orthodoxy 7. Creolization and Creole Societies 8. Creolization and Globalization in Réunion 9. Ethnicity and Identity: Creoles of Colour in Louisiana 10. Creolization and Nation-Building in the Hispanic Caribbean 11. The Evolution of a Creole Identity in Cape Verde PART 3: POPULAR CULTURE 12. Calypso Reinvents Itself 13. Capoeira: The History of an Afro-Brazilian Martial Art 14. Louisiana Creole Food Culture 15. African Gods in Contemporary Brazil 16. Architectural Creolization 17. Masquerade Politics PART 4: KINDRED CONCEPTS 18. Hybridity in Cultural Theory: Encounters of a Heterogeneous Kind 19. Mestizaje in Latin America 20. Conceiving Transnationalism 21. Conceiving Cosmopolitanism 22. Syncretism and its Synonyms: Reflections on Cultural Mixture PART 5: THE CREOLIZING WORLD 23. A Creolizing South Africa? Mixing, Hybridity and Creolization 24. Sacred Subversions? Syncretic Creoles, the Indo-Caribbean, and ‘Cultures in-between’ 25. Creolization in Transnational Japan-America 26. Creolization and Nation-Building in Indonesia 27. Swahili Creolization: The Case of Dar es Salaam 28. The World in Creolization.

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    Racial Passing

    Posted in Articles, History, Identity Development/Psychology, Law, Media Archive, Passing, Politics/Public Policy, Social Science, United States on 2009-11-28 01:31Z by Steven

    Racial Passing

    Ohio State Law Journal
    Ohio State University Michael E. Moritz College of Law
    Vol. 62: 1145 (2001)
    Frank R. Strong Law Forum Lecture

    Randall Kennedy, Michael R. Klein Professor of Law
    Harvard Law School

    I. Passing: A Definition

    Passing is a deception that enables a person to adopt certain roles or identities from which he would be barred by prevailing social standards in the absence of his misleading conduct. The classic racial passer in the United States has been the “white Negro”: the individual whose physical appearance allows him to present himself as “white” but whose “black” lineage (typically only a very partial black lineage) makes him a Negro according to dominant racial rules. A passer is distinguishable from the person who is merely mistaken—the person who, having been told that he is white, thinks of himself as white, and holds himself out to be white (though he and everyone else in the locale would deem him to be “black” were the facts of his ancestry known). Gregory Howard Williams was, for a period, such a person. The child of a white mother and a light-skinned Negro man who pretended to be white, Williams assumed that he, too, was white. Not until he was ten years old, when his parents divorced, did Williams and his brother learn that they were “black” according to the custom by which any known Negro ancestry makes a person a Negro. Williams recalls vividly the moment at which he was told of his “new” racial identity:

    I never had heard anything crazier in my life! How could Dad tell us such a mean lie? I glanced across the aisle to where he sat grim-faced and erect, staring straight ahead. I saw my father as I had never seen him before. The veil dropped from his face and features. Before my eyes he was transformed from a swarthy Italian to his true self—a high-yellow mulatto. My father was a Negro! We were colored! After ten years in Virginia on the white side of the color line, I knew what that meant. When he held himself out as white before learning of his father’s secret, Williams was simply mistaken. When he occasionally held himself out as white after learning the “true” racial identity of his father, Williams was passing. In other words, as I define the term, passing requires that a person be self-consciously engaged in concealment. Such a person knows about his African American lineage—his black “blood”—and either stays quiet about it, hoping that silence along with his appearance will lead observers to perceive him as white, or expressly asserts that he is white (knowing all the while that he is “black” according to ascendant social understandings).

    Estimates regarding the incidence of passing have varied greatly. Walter White claimed that annually “approximately 12,000 white-skinned Negroes disappear” into white society. Roi Ottley asserted that there were five million “white Negroes” in the United States and that forty to fifty thousand passed annually. Professor John H. Burma’s estimates were considerably lower. He posited that some 110,000 blacks lived on the white side of the color line and that between 2,500 and 2,750 passed annually. Given its secretive nature, no one knows for sure the incidence of passing. It is clear, however, that at the middle of the twentieth century, large numbers of African Americans claimed to know people engaged in passing…

    Read the entire article/lecture here.

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    Embracing Ambiguity: Faces of the Future

    Posted in Arts, Live Events, Media Archive, United States on 2009-11-28 01:04Z by Steven

    Embracing Ambiguity: Faces of the Future

    Cal State Fullerton College of the Arts Main Gallery
    2010-01-30 through 2010-03-05
    Opening Reception: 2010-01-30, 17:00-20:00, artist will be present
    Panel discussion 2010-02-02, 17:00-19:00, artist will be present
    800 N. State College Blvd. Fullerton, CA 92831-3547
    Phone (657) 278-7750

    Curated by Lynn Stromick and Jillian Nakornthap


    Laura Kina, Professor of Art
    DePaul University 

    This group exhibition will feature selections from Kina’s Loving Series as well as an essay by Kina in the exhibition catalog – “Half Yella: Embracing Ethno-Racial Ambiguity.”

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    Beyond White Ethnicity: Developing a Sociological Understanding of Native American Identity Reclamation

    Posted in Books, History, Identity Development/Psychology, Media Archive, Monographs, Native Americans/First Nation, Social Science, United States on 2009-11-27 19:41Z by Steven

    Beyond White Ethnicity: Developing a Sociological Understanding of Native American Identity Reclamation

    Lexington Books (an imprint of Rowman & Littlefield)
    October 2006
    262 pages
    Cloth: 0-7391-1393-3 / 978-0-7391-1393-6
    Paper: 0-7391-1394-1 / 978-0-7391-1394-3

    Kathleen J. Fitzgerald, Professor of Sociology
    University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana

    Through qualitative analysis of individuals, Kathleen J. Fitzgerald studies the social construction of racial and ethnic identity in Beyond White Ethnicity. Fitzgerald focuses on Native Americans, who despite a previously unacknowledged and uncelebrated background, are embracing and reclaiming their heritage in their everyday lives. Focusing on the purpose, process, and problems of this reclamation, Fitzgerald’s research provides an understanding of these issues. She also exposes how institutional power relations are racialized and how race is a social and political construction, and she helps us understand larger cultural transformations. This insightful collection of research sparks the interest of those who study sociology, anthropology, and cultural studies.

    Table of Contents

    1. Reclaimer Narratives: Exposing the Duality of Structure in Identity Formation
    2. Challenging White Hegemony: Reclaimers and the Culture Wars
    3. Reclaimer Practices: Religion, Spirituality, Language, Family, and Food
    4. “If It Looks Like a Duck”: Physical Appearance and Reclaimer Identity
    5. “Wanna-bes” and “Indian Police”: The Battle Over Authenticity
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    Book Review: Spencer, R. (1999). Spurious Issues: Race and Multiracial Identity Politics in the United States: Boulder, CO: Westview. Spencer, R. (2006). Challenging Multiracial ldentity. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner

    Posted in Articles, Book/Video Reviews, Media Archive, Social Science, United States on 2009-11-27 19:15Z by Steven

    Book Review: Spencer, R. (1999). Spurious Issues: Race and Multiracial Identity Politics in the United States: Boulder, CO: Westview. Spencer, R. (2006). Challenging Multiracial ldentity. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner

    Journal of Black Studies
    Volume 38, Number 4 (March 2008)
    pages 679-683
    DOI: 10.1177/0021934706296761

    Lewis R. Gordon, Laura H. Carnell Professor of Philosophy, Director of the Institute for the Study of Race and Social Thought and Director of the Center for Afro-Jewish Studies
    Temple University

    Rainier Spencer(1999). Spurious Issues: Race and Multiracial Identity Politics in the United States.
    Boulder, CO: Westview.

    Rainier Spencer (2006). Challenging Multiracial ldentity.
    Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.

    These two books have achieved for Rainier Spencer an iconoclastic place in mixed-race studies, which is a wonderful development for a genuine specialist in critical mixedness studies. His argument, in a nutshell, is that mixedrace and multiracial studies suffer from a contradictory set of aims. On one hand, they challenge the tenability of race and its impact on American society. On the other, they present a case for their inclusion in the American racial order. Spencer argues that the projects are not compatible, but even if they were so, there are other contradictions at the heart of the multiracial formulations of mixture offered by many scholars in the field. He points out, as I too have pointed out in my book Her Majesty’s Other Children (1997), that discussions that examine Black-White mixture often fail to acknowledge the already mixed dimension of African American people. As Spencer correctly points out in Challenging Multiracial Identity, by posing mixture against Black Americans, such advocates are in fact posing multiraciality against multiraciality.  In effect, they would have to create a conception of “purity” that erases mixture within one group as the basis of determining mixture for a preferred group. There are also logical problems of descent, which make in effect an offspring genetically connected to a parent in which she or he is considered ontologically different from. Spencer offers historically informed theoretical challenges to the field by exemplifying consistency in his constructivism through his constantly reminding the reader that just as social identities come into being, they can also go out of being. What, in other words, will be the organization of human identities in the future will be a function of the kinds of critical questions and social and political conditions that come to bear on their meaning and being. In this sense, he is building upon what Frantz Fanon [other bio], in Black Skin, White Masks (1967) called sociogenesis; that is, about how the social world produces identities…

    Read the entire review here.

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    Exploring the Pastoral Dynamics of Mixed-Race Persons

    Posted in Articles, Media Archive, Religion, United States on 2009-11-27 03:24Z by Steven

    Exploring the Pastoral Dynamics of Mixed-Race Persons

    Pastoral Psychology
    Volume 52, Number 4 (March 2004)
    Pages 315-328
    DOI: 10.1023/B:PASP.0000016936.79800.89

    Peter Yuichi Clark, Assistant Professor of Pastoral Care
    American Baptist Seminary of the West, Berkeley, California

    The number of persons in the United States who identify with more than one racial group is a steadily growing segment of the larger population. Yet pastoral care literature has not focused much attention to date on the spiritual care of multiracial people in America. This article intends to begin that conversation by examining their intrapersonal and interpersonal dynamics, suggesting four directions of caring, and then exploring five implications for offering compassionate and relevant ministry.

    Read or purchase the article here.

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    Rethinking inclusion and exclusion: the question of mixed-race presence in late colonial India

    Posted in Articles, Asian Diaspora, History, Identity Development/Psychology, New Media, Social Science on 2009-11-27 03:12Z by Steven

    Rethinking inclusion and exclusion: the question of mixed-race presence in late colonial India

    University of Sussex Journal of Contemporary History
    Issue Five
    pp. 1-22

    Satoshi Mizutani

    This article examines the ambivalent meanings of mixed-race presence in late colonial India (from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries). In doing so it contributes insights for pursuing the theme of inclusion and exclusion in the historiography of imperialism and colonialism. Studies on the imperial politics of inclusion and exclusion have not fully explicated the complex intersections between colonial exclusion and the metropolitan bourgeois hierarchy. We still tend, rather habitually, to mould our analytic categories, according to the coloniser/colonised dichotomy. This is not at all to imply that the analytic and empirical weight of this dichotomy should be downplayed: rather, it means that the coloniser/colonised axis itself stands in need of being re-considered.

    The post-Independent historiography of colonial India has attended to the internal ordering of the colonised society, so as to evaluate the correlation between colonialist exclusion and nationalist inclusion, and to research the multiplicities of racial, class, gender and caste subordination under imperialism. In contrast, less attention has been paid to the internal configuration of the coloniser’s society. As Ann Stoler has pointed out, studies of colonial societies have long tended to assume white communities and colonisers as an abstract force, comprising a seamless homogeneity of bureaucratic and commercial agents. But it is possible, as this paper will show, to challenge this conventional view in ways that address the important imbrications of ‘racial’, class and gender identities.

    This paper assesses the imperial significance of mixed-race identity in order to show that the imperial formation of ‘whiteness’ was predicated on the metropolitan order of class as well as the bipolar conceptualisation of racial difference. It will seek to demonstrate how the heterogeneous subjects of British society (men, women, middle or working classes, children, as well as ‘mixed bloods’) were differentially included in, or excluded from, the imperial body politic. Pointing to this internal differentiation, however, should not be taken as an end in itself.  Rather, it should be done as a step to show how the internal hierarchies of British society had repercussions on external relations with the colonised. In other words, the analysis of the internal composition of the coloniser’s society in this paper will not be intended as a way of replacing the coloniser/colonised dichotomy, but, on the contrary, will be meant as a means precisely to re-consider it from another vantage point…

    Read the entire article here.

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